Registered Site S0682


Long before contact with Euro-Americans, Native Americans lived near baw-wa-ting, "the rapids." Some 2000 years ago Hopewellian Indians built numerous burial mounds in this area. This mound group became known as the Converse Mounds. As early as the 18th century Ottawa Indians lived near the rapids at a village called Noaquageshik. Ojibwa and Potawatomi also lived in this vicinity. The development of Grand Rapids during the late 19th century destroyed the burial mounds; however, archaelogical excavations in 1999 revealed occupations dating back more than 3000 years, as well as evidence of an 18th and 19th century Native American presence. In 2000 the Grand River Band of Ottawa Indians worked with Grand Valley State University to establish this park on the site of their ancestors' village.
photo of Baw-wa-ting

Side 2

Chi-shosh-guh Chi-muk-mon mean-wah A-nish-na-bek gee-daa-wuk Baw-wa-ting Gah-guh mom-pee Ojibway meen-wah Powatomi gee daa-wuk. A-nish-na-bek gee-shi-tun kih geeb-yuk nin-waa-kan. Nin-wuk gee beeg-beh-dune kih geeb-yuk nin-waa-dan. Wa-nike wa-ban-daa A-nish-na-bek gee nuk-kee chi-shosh-guh. Grand River Bands of Ottawa Indians meen-waw Grand Valley State University gee Shi-tun Ah-nab-awen. Mom-pee gee daw-wuk gah-cah-yuk A-nish-na-bek o-dena.

Erected 2004

Location: Grand River and Fulton
Grand Rapids, Kent County

Native Americans
State Universities

Latitude: 42.9630375, Longitude: -85.6777650

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